UPDATE: International Commercial Arbitration
By Charles Bjork
Charles Bjork is an International and Foreign Law Reference Librarian at the Georgetown University Law Library in Washington, D.C. He has a B.A. from the University of Illinois and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law. Prior to entering the field of law librarianship, he spent nearly two decades in private law practice in Chicago. After obtaining his M.S.L.I.S. from the University of Illinois in 2013, he began his career as a librarian specializing in foreign, comparative, and international law research at Georgetown in 2014. He also serves as an adjunct professor at the Georgetown Law Center, where he co-teaches the for-credit course Research Skills in International and Comparative Law.
NOTE: Since investor-state arbitration is covered in a separate GlobaLex article (see Hernando Otero, UPDATE: International Arbitration Between Foreign Investors and Host States (Investor-State Arbitration), GlobaLex, March/April 2022), this article focuses exclusively on international commercial arbitration between private parties.
NOTE: This article is a complete re-write of the previous version.
Published September/October 2022
(Previously updated by Susan Gualtier in April 2017)
Table of Contents
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Research Guides
- 3. Subscription-Based Platforms That Focus on International Arbitration
- 4. Primary Sources of Arbitration Law
- 4.1. Treaties
- 4.2. National Laws
- 4.3. Arbitration Rules
- 4.4. Arbitral Awards
- 5. Secondary Sources
- 6. Selective List of Arbitral Institutions
- 7. Further Reading
International commercial arbitration is a means of resolving disputes arising out of transnational commercial transactions. It is an alternative to litigation and is controlled primarily by the terms previously agreed upon by the contracting parties, rather than by national legislation or procedural rules. Most contracts contain a dispute resolution clause specifying that any disputes arising under the contract will be handled through arbitration rather than litigation. The parties can specify the forum, procedural rules, and governing law at the time of the contract.
Arbitration can be either “institutional” or “ad hoc”. The terms of the contract will dictate the type of arbitration. If the parties have agreed to have an arbitral institution administer the dispute, it is an institutional arbitration. If the parties have set up their own rules for arbitration, it is an ad hoc arbitration. Ad hoc arbitrations are conducted independently by the parties, who are responsible for deciding on the forum, the number of arbitrators, the procedure that will be followed, and all other aspects of administering the arbitration.
The types of law that are applied in arbitration include international treaties and national laws, both procedural and substantive, as well as the procedural rules of the relevant arbitral institution. Arbitral awards entered in prior disputes carry persuasive authority but are not binding. Scholarly commentary, or “doctrine,” may also be applied.
2. Research Guides
There are many helpful research guides published by university libraries and professional organizations on the topic of international arbitration. The following guides provide helpful overviews of the mechanics of and reasons for arbitration, as well as links and citations to relevant primary and secondary sources. Overviews and links also may be found on the websites of individual arbitral institutions.
- American Society of International Law (ASIL) Electronic Resource Guide to International Commercial Arbitration
- Columbia University Arthur W. Diamond Law Library Guide to International Commercial Arbitration
- Georgetown University Law Library International Commercial Arbitration Research Guide
- Harvard University Law School Library International Arbitration Research Guide
Covers both commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration.
- Loyola University Chicago School of Law Library International Commercial & Investment Arbitration Research Guide
- Peace Palace Library International Arbitration Research Guide
Focuses exclusively on international commercial arbitration.
- New York University Law Library International Arbitration Research Guide
Covers both commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration.
- University of California Berkeley Law Library International Commercial Arbitration Research Guide
The International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA), a professional membership organization for practitioners in the field, provides some free content on its website, including ICCA’s Guide to the Interpretation of the New York Convention (available for download in multiple languages) and a series of topical reports published by ICCA. Other ICCA publications, described elsewhere in this guide, are available for purchase in print. Subscribers to the Kluwer Arbitration platform may access all ICCA publications online.
3. Subscription-Based Platforms That Focus on International Commercial Arbitration
In recent years, as publishers continue to migrate legacy print sources online, subscription-based platforms that focus on international arbitration have proliferated. Each of the platforms described below covers both international commercial arbitration (between private parties) and investor-state arbitration. Platforms that focus primarily or exclusively on investor-state arbitration are not included.
- Global Arbitration Review (GAR) – This specialized news resource tracks the latest developments in international arbitration. It also publishes topical and industry-specific practice guides, annual surveys of arbitration law and practice by geographic region, and annual surveys of leading practitioners in the field.
- ICC Dispute Resolution Library – Provides access to extracts from selected arbitral awards issued in proceedings administered by the International Court of Arbitration of the Paris-based International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) from 1990-present, as published in the ICC Dispute Resolution Bulletin. Subscribers also may access topical articles (“dossiers”) published by the ICC’s Institute of World Business Law and other ICC publications.
- Juris Arbitration Law – This platform covers both U.S. domestic and international arbitration. Public domain materials (treaties, model laws, national laws, court decisions, and selected arbitral awards) are free to access. A subscription is required to access “premium” (secondary source) content, including nearly 250 proprietary treatises, practice guides, and monographs, as well as articles published in 11 arbitration journals and profiles of leading arbitrators.
- Jus Mundi – This search engine for international law and arbitration includes treaties, cases (awards issued by arbitral panels, as well as decisions issued by international courts and tribunals), rules (including arbitration rules), and practitioner-authored commentary (“wiki notes”). The user-friendly interface, which can be browsed by content type or searched by keyword, includes multiple advanced filters for narrowing and refining search results.
- Kluwer Arbitration – This platform offers some of the most comprehensive coverage of arbitration-related treaties, model arbitration laws, national arbitration laws (including many English translations), and arbitration rules. Coverage of arbitral awards and court decisions is more selective. It also provides access to a wide range of secondary sources (commentary), including treatises, practice guides, and articles published in 24 arbitration journals (some published in languages other than English).
- Transnational Dispute Management (TDM) – TDM publishes an online-only, peer-reviewed quarterly journal covering all aspects of international commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration. Non-subscribers may preview abstracts of articles without charge. The platform also includes a searchable database of primary legal materials (“Legal & Regulatory Docs”), which includes selected treaties, national laws, arbitral awards, and court decisions.
- Westlaw International Arbitration Materials – This Westlaw database includes multilateral and bilateral treaties, model arbitration laws, arbitration laws and court decisions from selected jurisdictions, arbitration rules issued by selected arbitral institutions, selected arbitral awards and decisions issued in institutional proceedings administered by selected arbitral institutions, as well as secondary sources and drafting aids.
4. Primary Sources of Arbitration Law
Two categories of treaties are relevant to international commercial arbitration research. The first category includes treaties that govern the arbitration process and the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards. The most important of these is the 1958 United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, usually referred to as the New York Convention. This category also includes many regional treaties, such as the Arab Convention on Commercial Arbitration, the European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration, and the Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration (a.k.a. the Panama Convention).
The second category of treaties includes those that govern the underlying commercial transactions from which disputes arise. The most important of these treaties is the 1980 Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, usually referred to as the CISG Convention. Most of the treaties that fall into this second category were drafted under the auspices of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL).
The following free online resources are particularly helpful in researching treaties that are relevant to international commercial arbitration research. In addition to the treaty texts, these resources also provide regularly updated information about the treaty’s status and ratification, as well as links to drafting histories and related documentation.
- United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) – The UNCITRAL website provides access to a wealth of information about treaties (conventions) that have been drafted under its auspices pertaining to the following subjects:
- New York Convention Online Guide – Maintained by UNCITRAL in partnership with Columbia Law School and Shearman & Sterling, LLP, this guide provides access to the full text of the New York Convention in its six authentic languages and a regularly updated list of state parties to the convention (including dates of ratification or accession and entry into force). It also includes a searchable database of court decisions that apply and interpret the New York Convention, documents related to its drafting history, and a bibliography of books and articles about the convention.
- ASIL’s Electronic Resource Guide to International Commercial Arbitration provides links to the depositary institution websites for many relevant treaties, from which you can access the full text of the treaty as well as current information about the treaty’s status and ratification.
Subscription-based arbitration platforms, such as Jus Mundi and Kluwer Arbitration, also are good sources for accessing the texts of treaties pertaining to international commercial arbitration, as well as court decisions and arbitral decisions that have applied and interpreted these treaties. Kluwer Arbitration also offers many secondary sources that discuss and analyze relevant treaties, particularly the New York Convention.
The following print resources include treaty texts and bibliographies: International Arbitration Treaties (Loukas Mistelis, et al, eds., 3d ed., 2011-), International Commercial Arbitration (Eric Bergsten and Clive M. Schmitthoff, eds., 1974-), and the World Arbitration Reporter: International Encyclopaedia of Arbitration Law and Practice (Loukas Mistelis and Laurence Shore, eds., 2d ed., 2010-).
4.2. National Laws
Individual countries have enacted legislation governing both domestic and international arbitration. Many countries have enacted legislation based on the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration, adopted in 1985 and amended in 2006. UNCITRAL maintains a regularly updated status table, which lists all of the national and sub-national jurisdictions that have enacted legislation based on its Model Law.
Peter Binder’s International Commercial Arbitration and Mediation in UNCITRAL Model Jurisdictions (4th ed., 2019) provides an article-by-article analysis of the UNCITRAL Model Law along with an overview of its adoption in more than 100 jurisdictions. In addition, it includes a series of comparative charts showing which countries have enacted various provisions of the Model Law. Also available on Kluwer Arbitration.
The following print resources include the full texts or bibliographies of national arbitration laws:
- International Commercial Arbitration (Eric Bergsten and Clive M. Schmitthoff, eds., 2008-).
- ICCA International Handbook on Commercial Arbitration: National Reports, Basic Legal Texts (Lise Bosman, et al, eds., 2020). Also available on Kluwer Arbitration.
- National Arbitration Laws (Loukas Mistelis et al, eds., 2nd ed., 2010-).
- World Arbitration Reporter: International Encyclopaedia of Arbitration Law and Practice (Loukas Mistelis and Laurence Shore, eds., 2d ed., 2010-).
Subscribers to Kluwer Arbitration may access the full texts of national laws governing arbitration in dozens of jurisdictions. For some non-English speaking jurisdictions, Kluwer provides full-text English translations of the relevant laws. For other jurisdictions, laws are only available in the language of the jurisdiction. Brill’s subscription-based Foreign Law Guide provides citations or direct links (when available) to national laws governing arbitration in the language of the jurisdiction. Select “Arbitration & Mediation” under the heading “Laws by Subject.” Then select the desired jurisdiction.
Getting the Deal Through (GTDT), available online by subscription, offers detailed summaries of national laws governing arbitration and other aspects of dispute resolution written by local practitioners in more than 40 jurisdictions worldwide. Each jurisdiction-specific summary follows a standard topical outline using a question-and-answer format. GTDT’s online platform includes a comparative tool that enables users to easily compare arbitration practices in two or more jurisdictions.
For those without access to subscription-based resources, the American Society of International Law’s includes a list of links to national arbitration laws that are freely available online.
Depending on which country’s substantive law the contracting parties have agreed to govern the underlying transaction(s), you may also need to locate statutes, cases, and other sources of national law. The Foreign Law Guide and the country profiles on GlobaLex can help you locate a jurisdiction’s national laws in print, in commercial databases, and on the free web.
4.3. Arbitration Rules
Procedural rules issued by arbitral institutions usually are freely available for download in PDF format from each arbitral institution's web site. An individual institution’s rules also may be available in print, either from the institution itself or as part of a larger work describing the institution’s practices or comparing the practices of multiple arbitral institutions.
Some subscription-based legal research platforms provide access to arbitration rules issued by multiple arbitral institutions. Jus Mundi and Kluwer Arbitration offer the most comprehensive coverage, with current and (sometimes) superseded rules issued by dozens of arbitral institutions throughout the world. Westlaw’s coverage is narrower in focus, with rules issued by two dozen of the most prominent arbitral institutions.
The law firm of Baker & McKenzie offers a Comparative Chart of International Arbitration Rules, which enables users to compare rules issued by 16 leading arbitral institutions on more than a dozen substantive issues. The comparative tool is freely available online.
The following print resources are available to assist researchers in finding and comparing the rules of different arbitral institutions:
- The World Arbitration Reporter: International Encyclopaedia of Arbitration Law and Practice (Loukas Mistelis and Laurence Shore, eds., 2010-), contains the texts of various arbitration rules, as well as their history and background.
- Comparison of International Arbitration Rules (Oliver J. Armas, et al, 5th ed., 2020), offers side-by-side comparisons of rules issued by seven key arbitral institutions. They include the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the American Arbitration Association/International Center for Dispute Resolution (AAA/ICDR), the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA), the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC), the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), and the International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution (CPR). The comparisons are presented in a chart format, with the provisions arranged by topic.
- International Arbitration Rules: A Comparative Guide (Craig Tevendale, 2018; new edition forthcoming in 2023) examines the rules of five leading institutions (the ICC, the ICDR, the LCIA, the SCC, and UNCITRAL). Each chapter focuses on a particular issue or theme, analyzing and commenting on the approach taken by each institution and offering drafting tips and other practical guidance for practitioners.
4.4. Arbitral Awards
Unlike domestic litigation proceedings, which usually are accessible to the public, most international commercial arbitration proceedings are subject to confidentiality provisions set forth in arbitration agreements. As a result, most decisions, awards, and other documents relating to international arbitration proceedings are not published, unless all parties to the dispute consent to their disclosure. Even when all parties do consent, the names of the parties may be redacted.
To complicate matters further, no electronic or print sources provide comprehensive coverage of all publicly disclosed arbitral awards and decisions entered in transnational commercial disputes. Consequently, researchers often must consult multiple sources. Even when they do, they may not be able to locate the full text of the decision or award they are seeking if the parties did not consent to its disclosure.
The following subscription-based arbitration law platforms offer online access to selected arbitral decisions and awards:
- ICC Dispute Resolution Library – The ICC’s platform provides access to extracts from selected arbitral awards issued in proceedings administered by the ICC’s International Court of Arbitration from 1990-present, as published in the ICC Dispute Resolution Bulletin. Descriptions of the parties are provided, but the names are redacted.
- Jus Mundi – Jus Mundi’s database includes records for more than 18,000 institutional and ad hoc arbitrations involving transnational commercial disputes. If the parties have consented to disclosure, Jus Mundi usually provides a link to the full text of the arbitral decision or award. If not, Jus Mundi provides as much information as it can (party names, nature of the dispute, applicable treaties, etc.). Jus Mundi partners with the International Chamber of Commerce, the International Centre for Dispute Resolution, and the International Bar Association to facilitate disclosure of arbitral awards.
- Juris Arbitration Law – Provides electronic access to arbitral awards and decisions published in selected print sources, including the French International Arbitration Law Reports, the ICDR Awards and Commentaries, the SCC Arbitral Awards, and the Swiss International Arbitration Law Reports.
- Kluwer Arbitration – Search or browse the full texts of awards and decisions entered in more than 2,100 international commercial arbitrations administered by dozens of arbitral institutions and in almost 200 ad hoc arbitrations.
- Westlaw – Westlaw’s International Arbitration Materials database provides access to awards and decisions entered in international arbitrations administered by selected arbitral institutions, including the International Chamber of Commerce, the International Centre for Dispute Resolution, and the London Court of International Arbitration, among others. Coverage is selective and dates of coverage vary by institution.
In addition to the subscription-based resources described above, the following free electronic resources also provide access to selected arbitral awards and decisions:
- CISG Database – Maintained by Elizabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University, this database includes more than 13,000 summaries of court decisions and arbitral decisions that interpret the Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG). The full texts of some decisions also are included. The database is free to access, but you must register and create a username and password to run searches.
- CISG Online – This free resource, maintained by the Faculty of Law at the University of Basel, offers a searchable database of more than 5,000 court decisions (from 69 jurisdictions) and more than 800 arbitral decisions that interpret the CISG. Links to the full texts of these decisions in their original language are provided.
- Case Law on UNCITRAL Texts (CLOUT) Database – The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) maintains this database of court decisions and arbitral decisions that interpret legal texts drafted by UNCITRAL, including the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration. Only summaries of court decisions and arbitral decisions are provided, not the full texts.
Some arbitral institutions selectively publish awards and decisions entered in proceedings involving transnational commercial disputes when the parties have consented to disclosure. These may be posted on the arbitral institution’s website, but they are subject to being taken offline without notice. A few of the most prominent arbitral institutions publish selected awards and decisions in print in a series of bound volumes. These bound volumes may be available for purchase from the arbitral institution or from a commercial publisher. Alternatively, the arbitral institution may no longer publish these materials in print and instead license the content to one or more subscription-based arbitration platforms.
Compilations of arbitral awards and decisions published by commercial publishers tend to be highly selective, often focusing on arbitrations administered by a single arbitral institution or on disputes within a particular industry or geographic region. With the proliferation of online platforms that focus on international arbitration, many of these print compilations have ceased publication or migrated online to subscription-based arbitration platforms. Selected arbitral awards and decisions continue to be published in arbitration yearbooks, which are discussed in Section 5.2 below.
5. Secondary Sources
5.1. Books, Treatises, and Encyclopedias
International commercial arbitration is a burgeoning topic, and numerous books, treatises, encyclopedias, and other resources have been published both on international commercial arbitration generally and on specific aspects of international commercial arbitration. Books and other resources that focus on arbitration in specific countries or regions, or on arbitration in specific industries, are widely available.
Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration, now in its 6th edition, is widely regarded as one of the leading texts on the law and practice of international arbitration. Though geared toward practitioners and arbitrators, this source covers both the theory and practice of international arbitration, contains extensive discussion of each aspect of the arbitration process, and draws upon awards from arbitral institutions around the world to illustrate its discussions. Also available on Kluwer Arbitration.
Gary Born’s International Commercial Arbitration (3d ed., 2021) is another well-known treatise in international arbitration. It provides an extensive overview of the international arbitration process and major arbitral institutions, as well as the texts of several international arbitration treaties, domestic statutes, and arbitration rules. Also available on Kluwer Arbitration.
Domke on Commercial Arbitration (3d ed., 2012-) is a treatise covering all aspects of commercial arbitration, both foreign and domestic. In addition to scholarly commentary, Domke on Commercial Arbitration contains the texts of several different arbitration rules. It is available as a continually updated loose-leaf service or on Westlaw.
The American Law Institute has completed its Proposed Final Draft of the Restatement of the Law Third: The U.S. Law of International Commercial and Invest0r-State Arbitration. The Restatement covers the basic principles of U.S. international arbitration law; federal preemption of state law; the enforcement of arbitration agreements; the role of the judiciary in international arbitral proceedings in the U.S.; recourse from, and enforcement of, international arbitral awards rendered in the United States; the judicial role in international arbitral proceedings abroad; the enforcement of international arbitral awards rendered abroad; and the preclusive effect of international arbitral awards, among other topics. The Proposed Final Draft of the Restatement, as well as prior Tentative Drafts, are available for purchase on the ALI website. The drafts also are available on Lexis, Westlaw, and HeinOnline.
5.2. Arbitration Law Yearbooks
Yearbooks are annual publications intended to provide the reader with updates to the law that have occurred over the course of the past year. Arbitration law yearbooks may contain articles on new developments in the law of international arbitration, case notes or texts of arbitral decisions, new legislation and treaties, and other information.
One of the most prominent publications, the International Council for Commercial Arbitration’s Yearbook: Commercial Arbitration, is available both in print and by online subscription through Kluwer Arbitration. It includes information on arbitral awards from the International Chamber of Commerce and several other arbitral institutions, as well as ad hoc awards made under UNCITRAL rules. The Yearbook on International Arbitration and ADR is a relatively new publication covering recent trends in international commercial arbitration, as well as sports controversies and investor-state conflicts. Available in print and on HeinOnline. The AAA Yearbook on Arbitration and the Law, published by the American Arbitration Association, focuses primarily on United States arbitration and national laws but also covers international arbitration topics.
Some yearbooks focus exclusively on developments in international arbitration as they related to a particular country or region. Examples include the Austrian Yearbook on International Arbitration, available in print or online through Kluwer Arbitration, the Croatian Arbitration Yearbook, available in print or online through LexisNexis, and the Czech and Central European Yearbook of Arbitration, available in print and in full text from the publication’s website.
Yearbooks dealing with international law in general also may contain information on international arbitration. These can be found in print or in a variety of commercial databases, including Lexis, Westlaw, and HeinOnline.
5.3. Law Journals
Scholarly journal articles on international commercial arbitration can be found using commercial databases and indexes, such as Lexis, Westlaw, HeinOnline, and the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals. There are several journals dealing specifically with arbitration. The following are a few examples.
- American Review of International Arbitration
- Arbitration International
- Arbitration Law Reports and ReviewArbitration Materials (continued by World Trade and Arbitration Materials)
- Arbitration Review of the AmericasThe Asia-Pacific Arbitration Review
- Asian International Arbitration JournalEmory Journal of International Dispute Resolution (continued by Emory International Law Review)
- European & Middle Eastern Arbitration Review (continued by the European, Middle Eastern and African Arbitration Review)
- Global Arbitration Review
- ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin
- International Arbitration Law Review
- International Journal of Arab ArbitrationJournal of International Arbitration
- Journal of International Dispute Settlement
- Stockholm International Arbitration Review (continued by European International Arbitration Review)
- Transnational Dispute Management (TDM) – TDM is a peer-reviewed, online-only journal covering both international commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration. Non-subscribers may preview abstracts of articles without charge.
- World Arbitration & Mediation Report (continued by World Arbitration & Mediation Review)
5.4. Practice Guides
There are many resources that take a practical approach to international commercial arbitration and are therefore well-suited to attorneys and judges who find themselves involved in international arbitration proceedings.
Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration, discussed in Section 5.1 above, is one of the leading texts on international arbitration and is geared toward practitioners and arbitrators. The text covers both practice and theory and draws upon past arbitral awards for illustration.
The Practitioner’s Handbook on International Commercial Arbitration (Frank-Bernd Weigand and Antje Baumann, eds., 3d ed., 2019) offers practitioner-written overviews of arbitration law and practice in 13 major jurisdictions (including Brazil, China, England, France, Germany, Switzerland, and the U.S.), plus commentaries on the arbitration rules of leading arbitral institutions (ICC, ICDR, LCIA, and UNCITRAL) and on the New York Convention.
Handbook of ICC Arbitration: Commentary and Materials (Thomas H. Webster and Michael Bühler, 5th ed., 2021). This guide to the arbitration rules of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), one of the world’s leading arbitral institutions, explains the core principles behind each of the ICC’s procedural rule and provides guidance on their application in specific contexts. Also available on Westlaw.
Handbook of UNCITRAL Arbitration (Thomas H. Webster, 3d ed., 2019). This practical guide to the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules offers rule-by-rule commentary and analysis, as well as support materials employed in both international commercial arbitrations and investor-state arbitrations.
International Commercial Arbitration Practice: 21st Century Perspectives (Horatio A. Grigera Naón and Paul E. Mason, 2d ed., 2021). Par I describe how arbitrations are conducted in common law, civil law, and sharia law systems. Part II examines how arbitration practices vary by region, while Part III focuses on different approaches to arbitration within specific industries. Part IV discusses recent trends, and Part V examines the impact of technological changes. Also available on Lexis.
Getting the Deal Through: Arbitration, described in Section 4.2 above, offers practitioner-written guides to national laws governing arbitration and other aspects of dispute resolution in more than 40 jurisdictions worldwide. These guides are designed as quick reference tools for attorneys and follow a standardized question and answer format.
Global Arbitration Review, a subscription-based platform covering both international commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration, provides access to topical practice guides that focus on various aspects of the arbitration process (advocacy, evidence, challenging and enforcing awards, etc.). It also published guides to arbitrating disputes that arise in specific types of industries (construction, mining, etc.), annual reviews of arbitration law and practices in multiple geographic regions (Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, etc.), and annual surveys profiling leading practitioners in the field.
5.5. Newsletters and Related Publications
One way to stay current on arbitral decisions and developments in arbitration law is by following newsletters, newsfeeds, blogs, and other similar publications. Many such publications are available, whether in print or electronic format.
Global Arbitration Review includes a News & Analysis component that tracks the latest developments in international arbitration. Updated every business day. Subscribers may set up email alerts.
International Dispute Negotiation is a podcast series hosted by the International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution (CPR Institute). The podcasts discuss how professionals from different countries and backgrounds approach dispute resolution, as well as the risks involved in dispute resolution and ways of mitigating and managing those risks.
The Kluwer Arbitration Blog, published by Wolters Kluwer Law and Business, offers articles and commentary on international commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration written by leading practitioners in the field. Free to access.
Mealey's International Arbitration Report, available in print and electronically through LexisNexis, is a monthly bulletin covering arbitration and related litigation in international and domestic courts worldwide. The Report contains articles, news stories, case summaries, attorney listings, and full-text court documents relating to international arbitration.
The internet contains innumerable blog posts, news feeds, law firm newsletters, and other sources of arbitration news. General business news sources also frequently publish information on international arbitration proceedings and related topics.
6. Selective List of Arbitral Institutions
Listed below are some of the most prominent arbitral institutions that facilitate international commercial arbitrations. Information on procedural rules, arbitrators, and other aspects of the arbitration process can be found on each institution’s website.
- Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC)
- European Court of ArbitrationInternational Chamber of Commerce (ICC): International Court of Arbitration
- International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution (CPR)
- JAMS International
- London Court of International Arbitration
- Permanent Court of Arbitration
- Swiss Arbitration Association
- United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) – UNCITRAL does not facilitate arbitrations, but its rules are widely used in ad hoc arbitrations.
Lists of national, regional, and specialized arbitral institutions can be found on several sites, including the following:
- Happ’s Arbitration Links, Arbitration Institutions and Centers
- International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA), Arbitral Institutions Directory
7. Further Reading
- Marci Hoffman & Mary Rumsey, International Commercial Arbitration, in International and Foreign Legal Research: A Coursebook 315 (2d ed. 2012).
- Stacie Strong, Research and Practice in International Commercial Arbitration: Sources and Strategies (2009).
- Stacie Strong, Research in International Commercial Arbitration: Special Skills, Special Sources, 29 Am. Rev. Int’l Arb. 119 (2009).
- Anthony S. Winer, Mary Ann E. Archer, & Lyonette Louis-Jacques, Judicial and Arbitral Decisions, in International Law Legal Research 127 (2013).